Emergent Mind


Systematic reviews are crucial for evidence-based medicine as they comprehensively analyse published research findings on specific questions. Conducting such reviews is often resource- and time-intensive, especially in the screening phase, where abstracts of publications are assessed for inclusion in a review. This study investigates the effectiveness of using zero-shot large language models~(LLMs) for automatic screening. We evaluate the effectiveness of eight different LLMs and investigate a calibration technique that uses a predefined recall threshold to determine whether a publication should be included in a systematic review. Our comprehensive evaluation using five standard test collections shows that instruction fine-tuning plays an important role in screening, that calibration renders LLMs practical for achieving a targeted recall, and that combining both with an ensemble of zero-shot models saves significant screening time compared to state-of-the-art approaches.

We're not able to analyze this paper right now due to high demand.

Please check back later (sorry!).

Generate a detailed summary of this paper with a premium account.

We ran into a problem analyzing this paper.

Please try again later (sorry!).

Get summaries of trending AI papers delivered straight to your inbox

Unsubscribe anytime.

Test Your Knowledge

You answered out of questions correctly.

Well done!