Emergent Mind

An Interactive Agent Foundation Model

Published Feb 8, 2024 in cs.AI , cs.LG , cs.RO and


The development of artificial intelligence systems is transitioning from creating static, task-specific models to dynamic, agent-based systems capable of performing well in a wide range of applications. We propose an Interactive Agent Foundation Model that uses a novel multi-task agent training paradigm for training AI agents across a wide range of domains, datasets, and tasks. Our training paradigm unifies diverse pre-training strategies, including visual masked auto-encoders, language modeling, and next-action prediction, enabling a versatile and adaptable AI framework. We demonstrate the performance of our framework across three separate domains -- Robotics, Gaming AI, and Healthcare. Our model demonstrates its ability to generate meaningful and contextually relevant outputs in each area. The strength of our approach lies in its generality, leveraging a variety of data sources such as robotics sequences, gameplay data, large-scale video datasets, and textual information for effective multimodal and multi-task learning. Our approach provides a promising avenue for developing generalist, action-taking, multimodal systems.


  • Introduces the Interactive Agent Foundation Model as a groundbreaking approach toward universal AI agents by unifying pre-training strategies including visual, language, and action prediction.

  • Leverages integration of diverse data sources like robotic sequences and video datasets with textual information to create AI agents capable of human-like reasoning and interpretation.

  • Showcases the model's effective generalization across domains such as Robotics, Gaming AI, and Healthcare, highlighting its adaptability and the potential towards achieving artificial general intelligence (AGI).

  • Promotes open research and community engagement by publicly releasing code and models, fostering further exploration and development in agent-based AI models.

An Interactive Agent Foundation Model

The landscape of AI is perpetually evolving, with recent strides focusing on the creation of agent-based systems capable of performing across a range of applications. A recent study introduces the Interactive Agent Foundation Model, marking a pivotal advancement toward developing AI agents with universal applicability. This model is distinctive for its incorporation of a novel multi-task agent training paradigm that harmonizes various pre-training strategies. By unifying visual masked autoencoders, language modeling, and next-action prediction, it crafts a versatile framework poised for multimodal and multi-task learning.

Bridging Modalities for Foundation Models

The paper advances the discourse on foundation models by integrating diverse data sources, including robotics sequences, gameplay data, and vast video datasets, with textual information. This integration is critical in creating multifaceted AI agents that navigate and interpret the world in a manner akin to human reasoning. Leveraging large-scale datasets across different domains supports the model's capability to produce contextually significant outputs, regardless of the specific field of application.

One of the paper's core propositions is the technique for training AI agents across wide-ranging domains, datasets, and tasks. It highlights the importance of a unified pre-training framework that treats text, visual data, and actions as distinct but interconnected tokens. This method encourages the prediction of masked tokens across all modalities, foundational in realizing an agent that is both versatile and adaptable.

Generalization Across Domains

The research showcases the model's effectiveness across three separate domains: Robotics, Gaming AI, and Healthcare, evidencing its ability to generalize and perform tasks that require a nuanced understanding of specific domain knowledge. Such generalization is especially noteworthy in the robotics and gaming AI fields, where dynamic interaction with unpredictable environments is paramount. It's exceptionally revealing how, despite domain-specific visual inputs and textual descriptions, the model exhibits substantial cross-domain adaptability.

Moreover, the paper discusses the potential of this approach in harnessing agent-based AI towards achieving artificial general intelligence (AGI). Such ambition towards AGI underscores the quest for developing AI systems that not only mimic but potentially surpass human cognitive abilities in diverse tasks. The Interactive Agent Foundation Model, by this virtue, represents a significant leap towards realizing such a future.

A Foundation for Future Research

An intriguing aspect of this work is its commitment to fostering further exploration and development within the AI community. The authors' decision to publicly release their code and models signifies an open invitation to researchers to engage, critique, and build upon their findings. This move not only accelerates progress within the field but also democratizes access to cutting-edge technology, enabling a broader spectrum of AI enthusiasts and scholars to contribute to the evolution of agent-based models.


The Interactive Agent Foundation Model embodies a significant stride towards creating universally competent AI agents. By seamlessly integrating multimodal inputs and showcasing remarkable adaptability across varied domains, this model not only enriches the current landscape of AI research but also paves the way for future innovations. As the community delves deeper into this framework, pushing its boundaries and uncovering its full potential, we edge closer to the horizon of true artificial general intelligence.

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