Emergent Mind

Explainable Bayesian Optimization

Published Jan 24, 2024 in cs.LG and cs.AI


In industry, Bayesian optimization (BO) is widely applied in the human-AI collaborative parameter tuning of cyber-physical systems. However, BO's solutions may deviate from human experts' actual goal due to approximation errors and simplified objectives, requiring subsequent tuning. The black-box nature of BO limits the collaborative tuning process because the expert does not trust the BO recommendations. Current explainable AI (XAI) methods are not tailored for optimization and thus fall short of addressing this gap. To bridge this gap, we propose TNTRules (TUNE-NOTUNE Rules), a post-hoc, rule-based explainability method that produces high quality explanations through multiobjective optimization. Our evaluation of benchmark optimization problems and real-world hyperparameter optimization tasks demonstrates TNTRules' superiority over state-of-the-art XAI methods in generating high quality explanations. This work contributes to the intersection of BO and XAI, providing interpretable optimization techniques for real-world applications.

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